Your computer is under constant threats from malware and hackers who want to gain access to your computer to steal information, install malware ransomware and more. Here’s how to stay safe.
It is essential to have security software on the computer because there are many threats such as:
- Viruses – malicious programs that spread from computer to computer
- Trojans – programs that download other malware
- Spyware – programs that send out your personal information
- Phishing – emails that trick you into clicking links, revealing login details for online services you use
- Scams – similar to phishing, they trick you into doing something
- Fake websites – they look like the real thing, but just want your login details, money and personal information
- Hackers – people and programs that try to gain access to your computer to steal information.
- Ransomware – malicious programs that encrypt your files and possibly even lock your computer, then demand payment to decrypt them or unlock your computer.
- Adware – displays adverts everywhere it can, slowing down the computer, getting in the way and being a nuisance
Security software running on the computer helps to minimise the risk from all of these different types of malware and it keeps you safe when browsing the web and using email and messaging.
Windows 10 contains security software in the form of Windows Defender and Windows Firewall. Microsoft has improved them and they may be all you need to protect your computer from malware and other threats. These two programs will be examined closely and we will see how they can be configured and used
Some people might need additional protection and third party security software is available. We will look at why you might want to replace Windows built in security and look at free vs paid security software.
- Introduction to Windows Defender and PC security
- How to check if Windows Defender is running, turn it on/off
- How to keep Windows Defender up to date
- How to scan the PC for malware to ensure it is clean
- How to deal with malware and manage the history
- Introduction – what is a firewall and why do you need it?
- Check Windows Firewall status and turn it on/off
- How to block or allow programs and advanced settings
- Introduction to privacy issues and privacy utilities
- Privacy settings – Review app permissions, block bad apps
- How General privacy settings affect you
- Introduction to email security – what you need to know
- How to deal with bad email attachments – a worked example
- What is phishing? How to spot and avoid phishing emails
- Introduction – Do you need third party security software?
- Free vs paid security software – The pros and cons
- Real-time protection and clean-up tools
- Third party firewalls – What they can do for you
- Introduction to web browser security
- Browse the web with Edge
- The dangers of extensions, add-ons and plugins
- Clean Internet Explorer and remove adware/malware
- Use SmartScreen in Edge, Internet Explorer, Windows